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Author: Richa Virmani
Published On:July 3,2017

GST India – Goods & Service Tax

Goods and Service Tax is being glorified as a system of taxation by which economy will take an upward swing and further it will ease the trade and industry with respect to the indirect tax system of the country. “Only one” indirect tax has to be paid by the trade and industry and all the other indirect taxes will be subsumed in GST.

 What is GST?

 GST is a consumption based tax levied on sale, manufacture and consumption on goods & services at a national level. This tax will be substitute for all indirect tax levied by state and central government. Exports and direct tax like income tax, corporate tax and capital gain tax will not be affected by GST. GST would apply to all goods other than crude petroleum, motor spirit, diesel, aviation turbine fuel and natural gas. It would apply to all services barring a few to be specified. With the increase of international trade in services, GST has become a global standard. The proposed tax system will take the form of “dual GST” which is concurrently levied by central and state government. This will comprise of:

·         Central GST (CGST) which will be levied by Centre

·         State GST (SGST) Which will be levied by State

·         Integrated GST (IGST) – which will be levied by Central Government on inter-State supply of goods and services.

On intra-state transactions CGST+SGST will be applicable and on interstate transactions, IGST will be applicable

Format

Many taxes has been subsumed under GST which are as under-

Central Indirect Taxes & Levies

·         Central Excise Duty

·         Additional Excise Duties

·         Excise Duty levied under the Medicinal Preparations (Excise Duties) Act, 1955

·         Service Tax

·         Additional Customs Duty (CVD)

·         Special Additional Duty of Customs

·         Central Surcharge and Cess

State Indirect Taxes & Levies

·         VAT / Sales Tax

·         Entertainment tax (other than the tax levied by local bodies)

·         Central Sales Tax

·         Octroi and Entry Tax

·         Purchase Tax

·         Luxury Tax

·         Taxes on Lottery

·         Betting and Gambling

·         State Cesses and Surcharges

  How to adjust the Credit?

 

Setoff of IGST, CGST & SGST will be as follows in the below mentioned chronological order only.

Input Tax Credit

Set off against liability of

IGST

·         IGST

·         CGST

·         SGS

CGST

·         CGST

·         IGST

SGST

·         SGST

·         IGST